Counselling to Treat Depression

What is Depression

We all experience life’s ups and downs. It’s normal to feel fed up or sad in response to the stresses that we face in life such as job loss, failed exams or relationships. However, eventually these feelings will pass. Depression is different. It is a more intense feeling of sadness, helplessness and hopelessness and can be extremely distressing.
 

Symptoms of Depression

  • Tiredness and loss of energy
  • Constant sadness
  • Loss of self-confidence and self-esteem
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Not being able to enjoy things that are usually pleasurable or interesting
  • Excessive feelings of guilt or worthlessness
  • Feelings of helplessness and hopelessness
  • Sleeping problems - difficulties in getting off to sleep or waking up much earlier than usual
  • Avoiding other people, sometimes even your close friends
  • Finding it hard to function at work/college/school
  • Loss of appetite
  • Loss of sex drive and/ or sexual problems
  • Physical aches and pains
  • Thinking about suicide and death
  • Self-harm  

Causes of Depression

People often talk about a 'downward spiral' of events that leads to depression. For example, if a person's relationship with their partner breaks down, they are likely to feel low, they may stop seeing friends and family, and they may start drinking more. All of this can make them feel even worse and trigger depression.
There a number of reasons that people may get depression:
 
Stressful Life Events
Most people take time to come to terms with stressful events, such as bereavement or a relationship breakdown, loss of job, major illness and money worries to name but a few. When these stressful events happen, you have a higher risk of becoming depressed. 
 
Personality traits 
Some people suffer with low self esteem and can be highly critical of themselves and this has been shown to cause depression.

Family History of Depression
Research shows that some genes increase the risk of depression after a stressful life event. Studies have also shown you may be genetically predisposed to depression if there is a history of depression in the family.

Alcohol and Drugs
Many people who are depressed or anxious turn to drugs or alcohol to make them feel better. Unfortunately, this can lead to depression spiralling out of control as substance abuse can make depression worse.
 

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Depression

The philosopher Epicetus in the first century AD states ‘Men are not disturbed by things but by the views which we take of them.’

This is the essence of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. The way we think influences our emotions and behaviour. Of course it is normal to experience negative emotions in response to life events. However, there are healthy negative emotions and unhealthy negative emotions.

Healthy Negative Emotions
 
  • Concern
  • Sadness
  • Remorse
  • Disappointment
  • Sorrow
  • Healthy anger
  • Healthy jealousy
  • Healthy envy
Unhealthy Negative Emotions
 
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Guilt
  • Shame
  • Hurt
  • Unhealthy anger
  • Unhealthy jealousy
  • Unhealthy envy
CBT helps identifies unhealthy, irrational thoughts and replaces them with a more rational way of thinking so we may still feel negative emotions but it will be in a more healthy way.
 

Hypnosis to Treat Depression 

Hypnosis can be used in conjunction with cognitive behavioral therapy to identify and change unhelpful ways of thinking. Much of our thinking happens unconsciously and thoughts happen automatically. By using hypnotherapy it can change unhelpful thinking that is embedded in the unconscious mind and it can change it quickly.

If you are suffering from depression call Nicky on 07715 770696 book your FREE initial consultation. You can also email ask@hypnocounsellingsurrey.co.uk